how to disseminate qualitative research findings

Thereby, the flawed default becomes to enact formulaic presentations based on normative presumptions and practices of written academic papers. The NIHR takes a broad definition of what constitutes a research output. Disponível em: . St Andrews: University of St. Andrews. Cinemagraphic creation of film vignettes of the existential experiences represented an additional insight cultivator during the analysis and interpretive writing. The, seek to weld textual, academic presentation and performance v. this article is placed under Mienczakowski (1995). Important methodological information can always be provided in a handout for those interested in this. When audience members are required to read the text on slides silently during presentations, the majority of the audience will process this by “hearing” each word as if they were speaking (Horvath, 2014). FINFGELD DL. Available from, PAWSON R, BOAZ A, GRAYSON L, LONG A & BARNES C. (2003), Knowledge Review 3. This can help not only during presentations but also in reactions to unexpected questions, reactions, and feedback. • Reclaiming social positions, places and spaces Nevertheless, and despite these differences, the act of presenting qualitative research findings is never merely about communication, dissemination, and engagement but serves to reflect the purpose(s) of qualitative studies, and ultimately, methodological rigor. Of the 47 studies, just si, met sufficient methodological criteria for the review. Consequently, the contribution to knowledge is unclear, and the possibility of creating resonance and verisimilitude is reduced. Again, taking Bagley &, interviews into performed words and choreographed movement, hence, the entry ‘performed words and movement (dance)’ under the a, column in Appendix 2. ), participatory experiential and compelling action research thr. Qualitative research is underpinned by the understanding that there are different “ways of knowing” and that these are ultimately guided by our experiences of and in the world. Many reflected on having a new level of awareness and, affected by diagnosis and treatment. Initial plans should include funding for dissemination in the research budget and building dissemination into grant proposal timelines. What are presentations of qualitative research findings? In any presentations, visual aids are for the benefit of the audience and not the presenter and their memory (Collins, 2004). MEYER J. HURST K. (2002) Building a research conscious workforce. Traditionally, narratives are written in the third person. Is quality in presentations of research findings entirely subjective, or more specifically, determined by the views of the presenter? problem-solving, discussion-based support groups (n=19) (1995-2000). Similarly, ethnodrama, as first described by Mienczakowski, ²⁵ should be interpreted as the staged performance of cultural texts developed, written, and authenticated by health care patients,* their associated health care specialists, academics, and the general public (as audience). authors used to disseminate their work. The clips discussing experiences of side-, effects, recovery, time in hospital and emotional issues were all hi, would have encouraged them to be more active in their d, Of the 16 information needs described in both focus groups and, interviews, 10 were already covered by the website; the remaining six, traditionally serve academic communities and attempt to address the, array of presentational styles and formats to choose from that best fit, their research purposes (Sandelowski 1998). Memory enhancement for emotional words: Are emotional words more vividly remembered than neutral words? We present a case study describing the process of planning and implementing an ethnodrama in the context of the Durham Focus Group Study, which explored men’s health-seeking behaviors and experiences with health and healthcare services in Durham, North Carolina. Data are like building blocks that, when grouped into patterns, become information, which in turn, when applied or used, becomes Accordingly, presenters demonstrate, with high consistency, common problems associated with ineffective presentations (Table 2). BOYDELL KM, GOERING P & MORRELL-BELLAI TL. Ethics for this study has been gained from the Deakin University Human Ethics Advisory Group. You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. While others bemoan the lack of theorization of writing in research training and degrees (Aitchison & Lee, 2006), this predicament is magnified for presentations of research findings. As an accepted currency on academic resumes, presentations influence promotion, career progression, and professional reputation. In the validation phase, the revised model was tested with a different subset of dance/movement therapists. 2000, Gray et al. Even sources that consider the, use of qualitative research appear to make no attempt to search the, as the written or oral representation of research findings, usually happ. A common concern among researchers presenting qualitative findings is around the implied need for, and risk of, oversimplifying content to meet the needs and/or wants of particular knowledge communities. The first two cover the, followed by a section describing three studies that we believe exemplify, innovative ways of disseminating qualitative research. Therefore, little information is available about planning and implementing an ethnodrama for this purpose. These were exhibited in a CBC studio entrance, in 2002. Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. (2001) Research utilization and qualitative research. This conversation is referred to as the back channel (Atkinson, 2009). 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Round 2 is designed to determine preliminary consensus of the importance of factors generated in round 1. The process offers, an opportunity for researchers to build empathic bridges. A case study analysis of the consortium for, applied research and evaluation in mental hea, www.st-andrews.ac.uk/%7Eruru/publications.htm, In May 1999, 2,458 groups and individuals on, newsletter (37%), broadcast media (15%) and booklets of mem, There is concern about the quality of health information o, Few empirical studies examine how the internet is used by those who, DIPEx breast and prostate cancer modules – about how, when and, internet was used to gather information, support them and make sense of, ZIEBLAND S, CHAPPLE A, DUMELOW C, EVANS J, PRINJHA S &, This study uses the 175 interviews with cancer patients for DIPEx, modules to explore their use of the internet. Yet the reality of qualitative research findings presentations is much removed from this reflection. CLOUGH P. (1999) Crises of schooling and the ‘crisis of representation’: COLE AL & MCINTYRE M. (2004) Living and dying with dignit, Alzheimer’s Project [online]. communication using non-traditional modes of dissemination and th. Panellists will be invited to reconsider their judgements and resubmit ratings using the same rating system as in round 2. had collected and analysed the interview data. A phenomenological interview form was chosen as the primary mode of data collection. 2003). in terms of record duplication. theatre experts, and subsequent revisions were made to the script. As explained by Kamler and Thomson (2008) in relation to writing, providing normative advice dismisses the importance of context and variations in practices and norms across knowledge communities. In this analysis of the qualitative research findings presentation as genre, we have provided considerations based on our reading of genre theory and pedagogy (including academic writing) as well as observations and experiences. communication (Elliott & Popay 2000) i.e. The qualitative research findings presentation, as a distinct genre, conventionally shares particular facets of genre entwined and contextualized in method and scholarly discourse. This scoping review protocol uses the Arksey and O’Malley framework, and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses reporting guidelines for scoping reviews. Bland, unengaging presentations are not conducive to sharing, contesting, and/or debating knowledge. Each audience member was given a photographed, nursing students and actors in university and residential psychiatric, settings to service users and health professionals. 2003; Paterson et al. In this way, presentations—and thus presenters themselves—are received and perceived in accordance with the worldviews and biases of the audience. 2000). Additional findings revealed that women faced distressing opposition and conflict from midwives in relation to their decision to freebirth, despite its current legality in the United Kingdom. 2, consumers, simply presenting findings in these different formats appears, unlikely to change behaviour. The motivation to disseminate research can come in many forms. Manuscript content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Licenses, Qualitative Research Findings Presentation as Genre, Qualitative Research Findings Presentation as Method, Qualitative Research Findings Presentation as Contributions to Scholarly Conversations, Characteristics of Current Presentations of Qualitative Research, The Potential of Qualitative Research Findings Presentations, Improving Presentations of Qualitative Research Findings: Considerations and Suggestions, The Qualitative Research Findings Presentation as a Sociocultural Act, Improving Qualitative Research Findings Presentations, http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage, League of European Research Universities, 2010, Kosslyn, Kievit, Russell, & Shephard, 2012, https://www.ted.com/talks/brene_brown_on_vulnerability?language=en, Presentation skills amongst surgical trainees at a national conference: an observational study, Poster Presentations as a Genre in Knowledge Communication: A Case Study of Forms, Norms, and Values, Slip-Sliding-Away: A Review of the Literature on the Constraining Qualities of PowerPoint, Business and Professional Communication Quarterly. The proposed screening process consists of a title and abstract scan, followed by a full-text review by two reviewers to determine the eligibility of articles. The findings revealed direct implications for midwifery practice, namely that the complex and nuanced reasons to freebirth were often related to a previous birth trauma or negative interactions with maternity professionals. This involves reconciling the need to communicate clearly without overly simplifying or diluting key formal features, such as background knowledge, methodology, or the complexity of the findings. However, the second project, link the script or give an audience increased un, had credence if the audience understood that the pla, on its research status (Mienczakowski 1996). The website combines the, reliable medical information, support group contacts and other usefu, The underpinning rationale for this work assumes that, a new diagnosis or health dilemma, they do not know how to access the, information they need, doctors find it difficult to discuss some aspects of, disease, and that patients telling their story, analogous to, Two studies have endeavoured to assess the impact of DIPEx to date. Findings Indeed. For this publication, for and reviewed literature focused on the dissemination, as distinct from, What follows is divided into seven further sections. More consideration is needed as to whether audio extracts, music, video, or indeed nothing should replace the slideset. It is important to note that most conferences now encourage and foster conversations on social media (e.g., conference hashtags on Twitter). and implications for student performance training, research training, Ethnodramas construct script and performance using consensus, methods, with informants controlling both text and representation. (1998). However, as participatory research grows, researchers are increasingly exploring innovative dissemination techniques to reach broader audiences, particularly research participants and their communities. ... Research has shown that information can be better understood and retained when audiences are engaged with the content and can comprehend (on some level) the terminology or language in which it is being conveyed (Miller-Day & Hecht, 2013). MURPHY E, DINGWALL R, GREATBATCH D, PARKER S, WATSON P. (1998) Qualitative research methods in health technology assessment: A, NUTLEY S, PERCY-SMITH J, SOLESBURY W. (2003), Research Impact: A Cross-Sector Review of Literature and Practice. The context and meaning of these portraits is explained. The presenter’s presence and actions during the presentation remain integral to the genre. (2003) Increasing the impact and value of research in, www.cardiff.ac.uk/socsi/capacity/Journal.html. Stories, both everyday and extraordinary, human experiences, behaviors, and phenomena are the qualitative researcher’s “stock trade.” Unlike other scientists who must render highly technical or obscure phenomena intelligible for audiences, our source material—qualitative data—is often well-placed to create presentations of appeal and interest to both public and professionals alike. Repeated, In: P Atkinson, A Coffey, S Delamont, J Lofland, was performed for clients, relatives and staff, Ways Forward with ICT: Effective pedagogy using, . Participants spent the first hour searching the internet (l, their thoughts and opinions of websites) and the second taking part in a, found the DIPEx site well laid out and easy to search, commending the, audio and video links, and question and answer sections. It is based on separate interviews with men (n=34), and their wives before the men had prostate surgery, two months after, surgery, and a year later; several urologists were also intervie, increase awareness about issues relating to prostate cancer by using, actors and a scriptwriter. In this article, Richardson focuses on the unanticipated. Being new to the academic world I had naively thought that the only way to disseminate research findings was though conferences and publishing papers. Make under, or inappropriate, use of images, audio, visual, or multimedia content. This need not mean that researchers presenting qualitative findings “conform” entirely, passively, or submissively to prevailing norms of any knowledge community, but that resonance must be achieved in and among prevailing norms and their attendant expectations, understandings, and perspectives in the audience of the presentation. According to Mienczakowski (1996). DICK J, LEWIN S, ROSE E, ZWARENSTEIN M & VAN DER WALT H. (2004) Changing professional practice in tuberculosis care: An, The concept of alternative forms of data representation is not about the, transformation of experience from the personal to the public. This identification and crystallization of new knowledge or insights, presented as the main message guiding the narrative, can then be used to construct a clear sense of the contribution of the paper being presented to existing knowledge primarily and up front. Two transcribed interviews exploring factors impacting recovery from, serious mental illness were given to five experienced qualitative, researchers for them to write, independently, a one-page narrative, summary in the first person. Improvisation abilities foster a higher level of comfort with a lack of control, facilitate listening, and promote a lack of defensiveness to others (Poynton, 2013). Further feedback from 249 health professionals (bet, Nearly all of this sample stated that the issues presented were relevant, and useful for thinking about their clinical practice. ¹. 2005). This nevertheless remains a common problem with presentations of qualitative findings. 7. disseminating and implementing research in general? schools/gcm/ar/areol/areol-session06.html. BOCHNER AP & ELLIS C. (2003) An introduction to the arts and. This genre-based approach does not downplay the core purpose of the presentation in scholarly discourse. Framework for Understanding the Evidence into Practice Ag, [online]. However, the best practice guidelines emphasise the importance of clinical interviews and prioritise the clinician’s final judgement. Little is known about how people with serious disease use the internet as. Shaw et al. This is not to say that these modes of dissemination replace the scholarship of qualitative research and/or the peer-reviewed journal manuscript—far from it. Round 1 will comprise a free-text questionnaire and invite the panel to contribute factors they deem important in the development and evaluation of caregiver interventions. This field is complex. We will now consider recommendations for the improvement of future presentations of qualitative research findings. EMSLIE C, HUNT K & WATT G. (2001b) Invisible women? Despite popularity of research consortia and similar collaborations [6, 8, 9], there is little guidance on how to design, conduct, analyse and disseminate multi-country and multi-disciplinary research generated through qualitative approaches. Thus, depending on the approach, authors presenting qualitative studies use their findings to perform a variety of functions linked to representing the interplay between the text itself and the perception and understanding of those being presented to. One suggestion is to resource research, dissemination properly. We conclude by considering the ethical issues that may be involved in these forms of disseminating qualitative research, as well as the challenges for evaluating the impact of such strategies. The EQUAL Project: Action research for the development of dementia care. then sought validation of them. BYRNE M. (2001) Disseminating and presenting qualitative research, Nurses. TROMAN G. (2001) Tales from the interface: Disseminating ethnography. Health professionals also, this allowed increased insight and empathy. individual interviews were conducted (two from each focus group) to ask, about specific cancer information needs. Dissemination A process of careful planning, thought, and consideration of target audiences followed by communication with those audiences. understood its scientific basis (Mienczakowski 1996). Little endeavour has been made to, al. Tradução de: OKOLI, Chitu. http://www.disabilityactivism.com/. Social media has now become a timely and engaging manner in which to gain feedback about a presentation. For this article, we searched for examples of qualitative research where findings have been disseminated beyond the journal article and/or conference presentation. Each stage of data, where delegates present papers defining mental health and community, issues surrounding schizophrenia (Morgan et al. ative data, publication in peer-reviewed jour, was not a planned outcome at the outset of the above stud, was piloted to audiences of service users and, Both of the above works were born out of a desire to join theatre with, Busting: The Challenge of a Drought Spirit, has been performed to service users, community dr, photographs, videos, CDs, DVDs, audio-tape, ’s informants insisted the play only had credence if the audience, and social care issues such as cancer and, This review is by no means exhaustive. For lots of researchers, it’s kind of the least favorite part of research. Each module on DIPEx, interviews covering all aspects of their illness and care. You might want to share your findings with wider nonacademic audiences to raise awareness of particular issues or invite audience engagement, participation, and feedback. The presentation never just “is” but incorporates a multitude of choices and assumptions in its framing, emphasis, content, and delivery. The, EQUAL Project: Action research for the development of practice in, The performance text in this article comprises four scenes aiming to raise. Implications for research practice are discussed. Given the particular suitability of qualitative research data to stories shared through emotive language, innovation, novelty, and/or curiosity within the boundaries of the formal features of presentation, such facets are well suited to resonance. (2003) examined 5,800 references across education, soc, models and strategies for research impact. This project aimed to explore how basic existential conditions in life were experienced in women with the disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, and how these changed during a long-term illness trajectory. 2004, Yaphe et al. The act of presenting is thus a complex interaction between the audience and the presentation itself. Aim Vetenskaplig publicering-en personlig resa från praktik till historik och etik (Scientific publishin... Identifying priorities for cancer caregiver interventions: Protocol for a three-round modified Delph... Factors influencing suicide risk assessment clinical practice: Protocol for a scoping review, Deduplication of metadata harvested from Open Archives Initiative repositories. Session 6: 6) An ethnographic act. Based on longitudinal interviews with 60 teachers of, American Indian students, plus a further 80 interviews. BAGLEY C & CANCIENNE MB. Despite the commonality and centrality of these presentations, little is known of the quality of current presentations of qualitative research findings. Literature will be identified using a multidatabase search strategy developed in consultation with a medical librarian. Presentations are, by nature, always oriented toward others (Hammersley, 2008). breast cancer want from an internet site? Creative ways to disseminate research findings: ‘Moving Stories – Moving On.’ PG research cfarrance. summary based on themes highlighted across all previous summaries. on the development of two ethnographically based plays: This article, similar to Mienczakowski’s other work (1995; 1996), focuses, on the development and impact of two ethno. In addition, schools. As Grujicic-Alatriste ( 2015) and. Too much text is also in presentations simply because presenters are not sufficiently comfortable with their material to talk without prompts. Qualitative research involves many different formats and methods, each with a specific use and aim. The analysis was guided by human science phenomenological methods, as described by Max Van Manen, and consisted in part of ontological-eidetic considerations, anecdotal writing of lived experiences, and thematic writing. Despite this interpretive complexity, qualitative research findings are ripe for harnessing this element and thus intentionally designing engaging presentations. 2004) to communicate findings to all who communicate with patients. 2000). Voice Two provides meta commentary on the narrative, drawing from qualitative literature research. A notable issue with reporting qualitative findings is that not all results obtained are directly relevant to your research questions or research hypothesis. teachers. Express a strong sense of prevailing “socialized norms” regarding what a presentation should consist of, and how it should be delivered. Despite wide prevalence, high stakes, as well as personal and epistemological importance, most presentations of qualitative research findings do not realize the full potential of this genre to meet the ends that it serves. Results will be translated into educational materials and presentations for dissemination to appropriate knowledge users. (using non-traditional methods of communication). The next step would ideally involve more thorough scholarship, including theoretical and empirical explorations devoted to of this method of discourse that is so much a part of our scholarly activities. Dissemination activities typically target the academic research community. Table 1. than those from a single study (e.g. The option for panellists to state reasoning for their rating will be provided. Trial, presentations were made to health professionals, service users and. SPRY T. (2001) Performing autoethnography: An embodied, SPUNT BS, DEYO RA, TAYLOR VM, LEEK KM, GOLDBERG HI &, MULLEY AG. Every year, suicide accounts for nearly 800 000 deaths worldwide. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The presentation is also always enacted within a social context and subject to various unstated norms. The poem has been presented to diver, The authors aimed to help new teachers (n=100) i. understand more about their first year experiences through bi-weekly. Additionally, we provide discussion of audience feedback, which indicated that our ethnodrama evoked an urgency to change health behaviors among lay persons (67%) and delivery of health services among those identifying as providers (84%), pointing to the success of the performance in both entertaining and educating the audience. symptoms to initial diagnosis, to any treatment and possible side-effects, are encouraged to tell their story with as few interruptions from the, interviewer as possible (Ziebland 2004). It also challenges the activist movements, transnational and emancipatory politics, as well as providing future directions for disability activism. 2005). Qualitative Evaluation: A Framework for Assessing Research Evidence, Goes to The Cinema: Rural Research Knowledge Translation an. In response to this situation, an increasing number of qualitative researchers in disciplines such as education and healthcare have sought to reach wider audiences for their work. (2003) Metasynthesis: The state of the art – so far. (1999) Small town race: A performance text. The modes of dissemination mentioned above are more closely, associated with media and art genres. For example, active, facilitated and, analysed discussion periods followed performances of, literature also confirms the importance of active discussion about, research findings, as well as tailoring approaches to the inten, audience and paying attention to the source of the messag, process of communicating qualitative research findings does not appear, any different from using the findings of any kind of researc, 2001). Goes to the Cinema: Rural Research Knowledge Translation, This conference paper describes the transformation into a documentar, and 30 interviews with service providers. of Thomson and Kamler (2013), and then work back to findings and methodological details. Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. Qualitative methods, in turn, are increasingly diverse in form and theory—around epistemology, rigor, methods, data collection techniques, sampling, and analysis. The general, public (n=258) enjoyed seeing the drama (, made the subject seem more true to life (99%), and expressed a, to see more dramatic productions about living with cancer.

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