the shock doctrine summary

It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. [25] Klein responded on her website to both Norberg and Chait, stating that both had misrepresented her positions. She recognizes that neoconservatism sits at the heart of the Iraq war project, but she does not seem to know what neoconservatism is; and she makes no effort to find out. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Over the past few decades, many of the ideas of … The Shock Doctrine retells the story of the most dominant ideology of our time, Milton Friedman’s free market economic revolution. These cookies do not store any personal information. All in all this is an excellent book highlighting the links between advanced capitalism and growing human misery – as Klein says, you should read it and make yourself shock resistant. Klein upends assumptions and demands that we think – her book is thrilling, troubling and very dark. The Conclusion details the backlash against the "shock doctrine" and economic institutions which, in Klein's view, encourage it – like the World Bank and IMF. Read the world’s #1 book summary of The Shock Doctrine by Naomi Klein here. The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism is a 2007 book by the Canadian author and social activist Naomi Klein. The book traces the origins of the ‘shock doctrine’ back fifty years, to the University of Chicago under Milton Friedman and follows the application of these ideas through contemporary history, showing in detail how the neo-liberal agenda has been pushed through in several countries following shocks, Some of the events Klein covers include –. The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 558 pages and is available in Hardcover format. (1992). Risk society: Towards a new modernity (Vol. Read a quick 1-Page Summary, a Full Summary, or watch video summaries curated by our expert team. The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism is a 2007 book by the Canadian author and social activist Naomi Klein. Download "The Shock Doctrine Book Summary, by Naomi Klein" as PDF. The shock doctrine is a theory that in order to put into practice the highly unpopular tenets of a free market economy, the implementation of such policies must happen directly after a shock to the national conscious. My summary – The Shock Doctrine is the story of how “free market” policies have come to dominate the world. "The Shock Doctrine" is a powerful tour de force, four years of on-the-ground research in the making and well worth the wait. “ The Shock Doctrine examines the way that the free-market policies of Milton Friedman and the Chicago School were forced through in Chile, Russia, Britain and, most recently, Iraq by either exploiting or engineering disasters — coups, floods and wars. An investigation of "disaster capitalism", based on Naomi Klein's proposition that neo-liberal capitalism feeds on natural disasters, war … ‘At the most chaotic juncture in Iraq’s civil war, a new law is unveiled that would allow Shell and BP to claim the country’s vast oil reserves…. Want to get the main points of The Shock Doctrine in 20 minutes or less? "[7] Shashi Tharoor noted the work's "meticulous endnotes" and stated, referring to globalization, that Klein "has established herself as its principal naysayer.”[8] Katy Guest of The Independent praised the book as "a compelling account of the way big business and politics use global disasters for their own ends.”[9] Juan Santos, winner of the 2016 Nobel Peace Prize, called the book "as gripping as the best murder mystery, as well researched as the best investigative journalism – on a par with the work of a Seymour Hersh. South America and Lebanon post-2006 are shown in a positive light, where politicians are already rolling back free-market policies, with some mention of the increased campaigning by community-minded activists in South Africa and China. In Poland she discusses how the left-leaning trade union Solidarity won the country's 1989 legislative elections, but subsequently employed the shock doctrine as result of IMF pressure. These events are examples of “the shock doctrine”: using the public’s disorientation following massive collective shocks – wars, terrorist attacks, or natural disasters — to achieve control by imposing economic shock therapy.’. Some reviewers criticized the book for making what they viewed as simplifications of political phenomena, while others lauded it as a compelling and important work. The Shock Doctrine is a fantastic expose of an economic system that is feted as the best way to do economics, yet seems to suffer from several flaws and calls multiple issues around the world. Allen Lane / Penguin Books, 2007. "[22] Robert Cole from The Times said, "Klein derides the 'disaster capitalism complex' and the profits and privatisations that go with it but she does not supply a cogently argued critique of free market principles, and without this The Shock Doctrine descends into a muddle of stories that are often worrying, sometimes interesting, and occasionally bizarre. "[20] Tom Redburn in The New York Times states that "what she is most blind to is the necessary role of entrepreneurial capitalism in overcoming the inherent tendency of any established social system to lapse into stagnation.”[21], Jonathan Chait wrote in The New Republic that Klein "pays shockingly (but, given her premises, unsurprisingly) little attention to right-wing ideas. Many of these sources are written records that became available to the public after 25 years. In the book, Klein argues that neoliberal free market policies (as advocated by the economist Milton Friedman) have risen to prominence in some developed countries because of a deliberate strategy of "shock therapy". [14] In 2019, The Guardian ranked it the 18th greatest book since 2000. The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism is a 2007 book by the Canadian author and social activist Naomi Klein. Part 1 begins with a chapter on psychiatric shock therapy and the covert experiments conducted by the psychiatrist Ewen Cameron in collusion with the Central Intelligence Agency. He also said Klein "is too ready to see conspiracies where others might discern little more than the all-too-human pattern of chaos and confusion, good intentions and greed.”[17], Sociologists as Ulrich Beck envisioned the society of risk as a new cultural value which posed risk as a commodity to be exchanged in globalized economies. Klein describes economic policy after Hurricane Katrina, the 2004 Sri Lanka Tsunami, and the Apartheid-style policy of the Israeli government toward Palestinians. The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism was a riveting look at the policies advocated by economist Milton Friedman and his many followers at The Chicago School of Economics. by Naomi Klein. the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Finally she shows that during the 1997 Asian financial crisis the Tiger Nations were forced to sell of numerous state enterprises to private, foreign, companies. Klein systematically explores how neo-liberal economic policies have been pushed through following ‘shocks’ – typically either natural disasters or wars ore oppressive state apparatuses. Part 6 discusses the use of "Shock and awe" in the 2003 invasion of Iraq and the subsequent occupation of Iraq, which Klein describes as the most comprehensive and full-scale implementation of the shock doctrine ever attempted. “Shock doctrine” describes the brute tactic of systematically using the public’s disorientation following a collective shock—wars, coups, terrorist attacks, market crashes, natural disasters—to push through radical pro-corporate measures, often called “shock therapy.” Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The Shock Doctrine. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Aug 18, 2013 "The Shock Doctrine" is an insightful documentary that starts not so innocently enough back in the 1950's at McGill University where a … Free download or read online The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism pdf (ePUB) book. Klein wrote that Norberg had erected a straw man by claiming that her book is about one man, Friedman, but that it is in fact about a "multifaceted ideological trend.”[26] Norberg again responded that Klein "actually defends only one of her central claims that I criticized. Exposing the thinking, the money trail and the puppet strings behind the world-changing crises and wars of the last four decades, The Shock Doctrine is the gripping story of how America’s “free market” policies have come to dominate the world-- through the exploitation of disaster-shocked people and countries. In the book, Klein argues that neoliberal free market policies (as advocated by the economist Milton Friedman) have risen to prominence in some developed countries because of a deliberate strategy of "shock therapy". 17). The book served as the main source of a 2009 documentary feature film with the same title directed by Michael Winterbottom.[1]. The Shock Doctrine is Canadian author and social activist Naomi Klein's companion piece to her popular 2007 book of the same name. 576pp, Allen Lane, £25. Plot Summary | Add Synopsis Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Natural extensions of this mindset emerge throughout the history: the Greenzone Phenomenon; the economy of war; the distressing confluence of public and private interest; greed and corruption. In THE SHOCK DOCTRINE, Naomi Klein explodes the myth that the global free market triumphed democratically. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. A Book Summary. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Both the film and the book argue that both big business and governments … Addeddate 2014-03-03 04:58:02 Identifier fp_Naomi_Klein-The_Shock_Doctrine Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t5gb4p92r Ocr ABBYY FineReader 9.0 Ppi 450 Scanner This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Exposing the thinking, the money trail and the puppet strings behind the world-changing crises and wars of the last four decades, The Shock Doctrine is the gripping story of how America’s “free market” policies have come to dominate … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Drawing surprising connections between market methods and CIA torture techniques developed in the 1950s, the film explores how well-known events of the recent past have been theaters for the shock doctrine, from Pinochet's coup in Chile, to the Tiananmen Square Massacre, to the war in Iraq today. There are many places in her book where she oversimplifies." We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Canadian writer and political activist Naomi Klein’s The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (2007) levies a critique of neoliberalism, arguing that the policies of the free market, particularly those elucidated and popularized by economist Milton Friedman, are being advanced with little democratic consent. "[23], Economist Tyler Cowen, who called Klein's arguments "ridiculous" and the book a "true economics disaster,” says that the book contains "a series of fabricated claims, such as the suggestion that Margaret Thatcher created the Falkland Islands crisis to crush the unions and foist unfettered capitalism upon an unwilling British public. The book is divided into seven parts with a total of 21 chapters. The shock doctrine is a theory for explaining the way that force, stealth and crisis are used in implementing neoliberal economic policies such as privatization, deregulation and cuts to social services. "[24] Johan Norberg of the libertarian Cato Institute criticizes the book, saying that "Klein's analysis is hopelessly flawed at virtually every level.” Norberg finds fault with specifics of the analysis, such as with the Chinese government crackdown on the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. As Klein observed, this suggested that disasters and capitalist economy was inevitably entwined. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. A level sociology revision – education, families, research methods, crime and deviance and more! Learn how your comment data is processed. Most of feel sympathy for people at such times – neo-liberalists see opportunity. Such shock can take the form of a … Part 4 reports on how Klein thinks the shock doctrine was applied in Poland, China, South Africa, Russia, and the Four Asian Tigers. Part 3 covers attempts to apply the shock doctrine without the need for extreme violence against sections of the population. Around the world in Britain, the United States, Asia and the Middle East, there are people with power who are cashing in on chaos; exploiting bloodshed and catastrophe to brutally remake our world in their image. New Orleans’s residents, scattered from Hurricane Katrina, discover that their public housing, hospitals and schools will never be reopened…. Part 5 introduces the "Disaster Capitalism Complex,” a complex series of networks and influence employed by private companies that allows them to profit off of disasters. Among the summaries and analysis available for The Shock Doctrine , there are 1 Full Study Guide, 2 Short Summaries and 2 Book Reviews. Author Naomi Klein advanced this theory in her 2007 book, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism. If there is a The Shock Doctrine SparkNotes, Shmoop guide, or Cliff Notes, you can find a link to each study guide below. The section on China discusses the 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests, and the liberalization of China's economy. He also said "the case against these policies is even stronger than the one Klein makes" and that the book contains "a rich description of the political machinations required to force unsavory economic policies on resisting countries. After a tsunami wipes out the coasts of Southeast Asia, the pristine beaches are auctioned off to tourist resorts…. "Klein alleges U.S. used 'Shock' tactics to privatize public sector", "Two timeless, Depression-era novels from Edward Anderson", "Paperback: The Shock Doctrine, by Naomi Klein", "An Essay by Juan Santos: The Face of Fascism in a Global System Heading for Collapse", PW's Best Books of the Year – 11/5/2007 – Publishers Weekly, "That's the best thing we've read all year", "Seattle Times book reviewers pick 2007 favorites", "The Klein Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Polemics", "One Year After the Publication of The Shock Doctrine, A Response to the Attacks", "Three Days After Klein's Response, Another Attack", "HuffPost Exclusive: My Interview with Naomi Klein",, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 23:06. Immediately following September 11, the Bush Administration quietly out-sources the running of the “War on Terror” to Halliburton and Blackwater….,, However, as Naomi Klein, author of The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism, pointed out: The auctioning off of New Orleans’ school system took place with military speed and precision. Paul B. Farrell from the Dow Jones Business News argued that The Shock Doctrine "may be the most important book on economics in the 21st century.”[2] In The Guardian, John Gray hailed it as one of the "very few books that really help us understand the present", describing the work as "both timely and devastating.“[3] William S. Kowinski of the San Francisco Chronicle praised Klein's prose and wrote that the author "may well have revealed the master narrative of our time.“[4] In The Irish Times, Tom Clonan reported that she "systematically and calmly demonstrates to the reader" the way in which neoconservative figures were intimately linked to seismic events that "resulted in the loss of millions of lives.”[5], In the Los Angeles Times, Richard Rayner opined, "Not everybody's going to agree with her, but this is reporting and history-writing in the tradition of Izzy Stone and Upton Sinclair. Start studying The Shock Doctrine. Klein systematically explores how neo-liberal economic policies have been pushed through following ‘shocks’ – typically either natural disasters or wars ore oppressive state apparatuses. Basically, it is a deliberate and strategic use of shock therapy to implement unpopular policies, utilizing the exploitation of national crises. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. In Klein’s view, this happens through the mechanism of “shock therapy,” … All of the above are cases where the Corporate Elite, often in conjunction with the US government and oppressive regimes in some of the countries above have sought to profit out of times of disaster. "[10], The Shock Doctrine was named one of the best books of 2007 by the Village Voice,[11] Publishers Weekly,[12] The Observer,[13] and the Seattle Times. In THE SHOCK DOCTRINE, Naomi Klein explodes the myth that the global free market triumphed democratically. "[6] Stephen Amidon of the New York Observer affirmed the applicability of Klein's thesis to the Iraq War and argued, "Seen through the lens of Naomi Klein’s analysis, [it] makes horrifying sense, right down to Mr. Rumsfeld’s decision to allow the looting of the nation’s cultural identity. [18] Some voices have praised the contributions of Klein to the study of the "spectacle of disasters.”, In the London Review of Books, Stephen Holmes criticizes The Shock Doctrine as naïve, and opines that it conflates "'free market orthodoxy' with predatory corporate behaviour. The Shock Doctrine offers a far more detailed history and explanation of the development of disaster capitalism than this summary. He argues that, rather than crushing opposition to pro-market reforms (as Klein would have it), the crackdown itself caused liberalization to stall for years. The Shock Doctrine radically challenges the myth that the global free market triumphed on the wings of democracy. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The book suggests that some man-made events, such as the Iraq War, were undertaken with the intention of pushing through such unpopular policies in their wake. In an age of corporatism partnered with corrupted political elites, it's must reading by an author now firmly established as a major intellectual figure on the left and champion of social justice. Part 7 is about winners and losers of economic shock therapy – how small groups will often do very well by moving into luxurious gated communities while large sections of the population are left with decaying public infrastructure, declining incomes and increased unemployment. Part 2 discusses the use of "shock doctrine" to transform South American economies in the 1970s, focusing on the 1973 coup in Chile led by General Augusto Pinochet and influenced by a prominent group of Chilean economists who had been trained at the University of Chicago in the Economics department, funded by the CIA, and advised by Milton Friedman. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The Shock Doctrine is the story of how “free market” policies have come to dominate the world. Instead she gives the impression that I have just tried to find small mistakes here and there in her book." The original book has 467 pages plus 70 pages of notes, in which the author mentions the sources for all her statements. She mirrors this new Disaster Capitalism Complex with the Military Industrial Complex and explains that both employ the blurring of the line between private and public, through tactics like the revolving door. More than anything this book is a plea to take a second look at free-market economics and consider, if there is not an alternative, such as the one espoused by Kate Raworth in Doughnut Economics . 1970’s Chile Despite $1 million in bribes from the CIA, Salvador Allende was elected President of Chile on a platform of nationalizing key mining and telephone industries. Klein connects torture with economic shock therapy. Klein argues that these policies work against the interests of the majority because they transfer wealth … This centers on the exploitation of national crises (disasters or upheavals) to establish controversial and questionable policies, while citizens are too distracted (emotionally and physically) to engage and develop an adequate response, and resist effectively. As Klein shows how the deliberate use of the shock doctrine produced world-changing events, Towards the end of the book, Klein talks about an extremely worrying trend in the USA – which is the privatisation of war and security – both of which are used in times of disaster – and we now have a situation where Capitalism benefits from disaster. Naomi Klein is one of the leading thinkers in the anti-capitalist movement and this book is one of the most important historical narratives of this century. The second chapter introduces Milton Friedman and his Chicago school of economics, whom Klein describes as leading a laissez-faire capitalist movement committed to creating free markets that are even less regulated than those that existed before the Great Depression. Sage. Klein says that Margaret Thatcher applied mild shock "therapy" facilitated by the Falklands War, while free market reform in Bolivia was possible due to a combination of pre-existing economic crises and the charisma of Jeffrey Sachs. The Shock Doctrine draws new and surprising connections among economic policy, "shock and awe" warfare and the covert CIA-funded experiments in electroshock and sensory deprivation that shaped the torture manuals used today in Guanténamo Bay. the shock doctrine summary by chapter October 17, 2020 Additionally, to squash popular movements that opposed these changes, the regime unleashed a notorious program of torture and “disappearances,” which ultimately led to the deaths of thousands of dissidents.

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